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ETHICS OF THE BUSINESS

Look in the newspaper or listen to network news at nine or any other hour or virtually any day of the week you will find at least one business scandal in which a country appears to have violated the rules or standard of behavior generally accepted by the society.


    Toxic waste have been allowed to floe freely into a river, bribes have also been paid in order to secure a contract, child labor have been used to assemble some products,  and discriminatory practices have presented the employment or promotion of members of a particular group and so on. 




   Thus given the increasing social impact of business.  Newell (2002) argued that business ethics emerge as discrete subject over the last 20 years to influence the professional manager's behavior especially to be Honest in his activities with the members of the public whom he serves with his company's product and services. On his own part, Degeorge(2005) observed that business ethics is concerned with exploring the moral p…
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BASIC RESOURCES OF SMALL SCALE BUSINESS ENTERPRISE

Business enterprise, small, medium or large requires some basic needs for its proper functioning. For instance, a hawker of ware of needs premises, some sell, and at times a shade where to sell.



         The  mechanic needs premises, some tools and other people who need skills to service vehicles for his customer. An electrician would need tools and assistance in other to carryout repairs in other people's  houses. It also follow that business where raw materials such as groundnut, cotton, sea-nut, cocoa, rubber among others,  have to proceed certain basic needs to be acquired to be able to operate effectively. These needs are called resources; They enable a firm to complete favorably with other firms in the market place.




 The following are some of the basic needs or resources required by an entrepreneur before the commencement of the business operations :

(1) Money
     Money is needed in all aspects of business,  in order words, money is indeed at all levels of business formati…

BUSINESS PLAN DEVELOPMENT

Among the factors that occasionally contribute to the failure of most small scale business enterprises, business plan is rated higher (NDE 1978).


     This is because most of the business owners workout the activities of their enterprises off- head instead of preparing a business plan. Like a building plan for a house, which explans how the house should look like when completed. Stoner and Freeman (1992), defined business plan as a formal document containing a mission statement, description of the firms goods and services, a market analysis, financial projections, a description of management strategies for attaining goals. Further, Kathryn and David (1998) argued that a well prepared business plan can take 200 to the complexity of the business contemplated, the strength of the competition, the number of factors more considered. However, experience and successful entrepreneurs make use of business plan in the working of their business and also to raise the necessary capital re…

THE MEANING OF BUSINESS

Business is an economic activity which is related and continuous and regular production of goods and services for satisfying human wants (Wilkinson, 1994). Human beings need food, clothes, shelter among other things.



 They All do have many household requirements to be stusfy in their daily lives. They meet these requirements from the retailer. Whereas the retailer gets from the wholesaler, the wholesaler in turn gets from the mnufcturer. In this regard the retailer, wholesaler and the manufacturer are doing business and therefore they are referred to as business men.




 Newell(2002) defines business as a form of activity conducted with an objective of earning profits for the benefit of those on whose behalf activity is conducted.



 David (2009) sees business as a regular production or purchase and sale of goods undertaken with the objective of earning profit and acquiring wealth through the satisfaction of hymn want.

On this part Berle and means (2003) viewed business as human activity d…

THE QUALITY OF PRODUCT

Product quality is often measured in terms of purity and grade of material used in technical perfection of design and exciting stands.



Kolter (1998),  define product quality as the degree of excellence a product possess with regard to physical properties. ( such as the prestige of the brand name) It may be high,  low,  medium, good,  bad, fair, excellent, first-class etc.

The quality of product or degree of excellence varies greatly for virtually all customers and industrial goods. The very reason for the wide variation in product quality is that consumer differ greatly in their purchasing power.

 While we occasionally do find customers with high income who purchase products that are low in quality ( the upper income family buys used tyre, used furniture, used shoes etc)  a correlation does exist between purchasing power and the quality of products bought.

CHALLENGES OF STARTING A NEW BUSINESS OR EXPANDING AN EXISTING KIND

A new start up while attractive also , it has a greater chance of failure. thus a new startup business is far more likely to fail than an existing business, business with a successful history. the reason for failure in most cases is the inability of the owners of news startups to manage the following challenges very well.



1. PROBLEMS OF CASH FLOW AND GROSS UNDER FINANCING 
The new start ups in most cases has little for the waiting out the start up period and all of the expenses of getting a new business off the ground 
thus lack of cash flow and gross under financing is a major challenge to be faced by a new business at this pint in time




2. COST OF EARLY PUBLICITY
A new startup will need great deal of publicity to attract customers to the business as the location ,the name of what you are doing is not known when you first open your doors. a new company that have never existed before will need to spend money on TV, Radio and newspaper advertisements to attract new customers to the Establish…

MERITS AND DEMERITS OF ONE MAN BUSINESS

The following are some of the merits of sole proprietorship business 

1. DIRECT RESPONSIBILITY
The sole proprietors efforts are rewarded by his his personal profits and his ,mistakes by losses

2. CLOSE SUPERVISION
The sole proprietorship organization is small, he can supervise his staff, if any, personally

3. FLEXIBILITY
 Being his own master and having only the simplest organization, he can change the whole policy of his business in  very short time. He can make quick decisions.

4. FREEDOM FROM REGULATION
Apart from the normal regular responsibilities incurred by anyone who trains or employ staff, the only special duty required of sole proprietor is compliance with registration of business name Act, 
1961

5.PERSONAL CONTRACT
He is close to both clients and employees. He can offer personal service to customers and legal deals with employee's problems on a ''man to man'' basis 

MERITS OF SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP 
Some of the demerits of sole proprietorship form of business are as fol…